用英语简单描述一下英国的历史

2024-06-14 12:08

1. 用英语简单描述一下英国的历史

BC in the Mediterranean Iberian people, BAK people, Celtic, has come to Britain. 1-5 century, south-east England, the Roman Empire. , After the withdrawal of the Romans, the Anglo people in northern Europe, Saxons, Jutes invaded and settled in succession. The 7th century the feudal system began to take shape, many small countries, and into seven kingdoms strive for hegemony over 200 years, called "Anglo - Saxon era." 829 King of Wessex love Gebert unified England. 8 end of the century the Danes were struck from 1016 to 1042 as part of the Danish Viking empire. King was later short-term rule, in 1066, Duke of Normandy crossed the sea to conquer England. In 1215 King John was forced to sign Magna Carta, kingship was inhibited. From 1338 to 1453 English law, "the Hundred Years War," the British after the defeat and win a victory. In 1588, defeated the Spanish "Armada", to establish maritime supremacy. Bourgeois revolution broke out in 1640. May 19, 1649 declared a republic. 1660 Dynasty restoration took place in 1668 "Glorious Revolution" established a constitutional monarchy. 1707 England and Scotland merged in 1801 they merged with the Irish. The latter half of the 18th century to the first half of the 19th century, becoming the world's first industrial revolution, a complete country. 19th century was the heyday of the British Empire in 1914 the colonial possession of 111 times more than the local big was the first colonial power, claiming to be "follow the sun empire." After World War I began to decay. British in Northern Ireland was established in 1920, the county, and in 1921 to 1922 in southern Ireland, from its rule to allow the establishment of an independent country. Westminster Act, enacted in 1931, was forced to recognize its dominion in the internal affairs and foreign policy of independence, the British Empire, shaken from the colonial system. World War II, greatly weakened the economic strength and political status declined. With the 1947 India and Pakistan have independence, to 60 years, the British Empire, the collapse of the colonial system. In January 1973 to join the EC.

用英语简单描述一下英国的历史

2. 英国的历史可以用什么词来形容

元前地中海伊比利亚人,比克人,凯尔特人,先后来到不列颠。公元1-5世纪大不列颠岛东南部为罗马帝国统治。罗马人撤走后,欧洲北部的盎格鲁人、萨克逊人、朱特人相继入侵并定居。7世纪开始形成封建制度,许多小国并成七个王国,争雄达200年之久,史称“盎格鲁—撒克逊时代”。 

829年威塞克斯国王爱格伯特统一了英格兰。8世纪末遭丹麦人侵袭,1016年至1042年为丹麦海盗帝国的一部分。其后经英王短期统治,1066年诺曼底公爵渡海征服英格兰。1215年约翰王被迫签署大宪章,王权遭抑制。 

1338年至1453年英法进行“百年战争”,英国先胜后败。1588年击败西班牙“无敌舰队”,树立海上霸权。1640年英国在全球第一个爆发资产阶级革命,成为资产阶级革命的先驱。1649年5月19日宣布成立共和国。1660年王朝复辟,1668年发生“光荣革命”,确定了君主立宪制。1707年英格兰与苏格兰合并,1801年又与爱尔兰合并。 

18世纪后半叶至19世纪上半叶,成为世界上第一个完成工业革命的国家。19世纪是大英帝国的全盛时期,1914年占有的殖民地比本土大111倍,是第一殖民大国,自称“日不落帝国”。第一次世界大战后开始衰败。英国于1920年设立北爱兰郡,并于1921年至1922年允许爱尔兰南部脱离其统治,成立独立国家。1931年颁布威斯敏斯特法案,被迫承认其自治领在内政、外交上独立自主,大英帝国殖民体系从此动摇。第二次世界大战中经济实力大为削弱,政治地位下降。随着1947年印度和巴基斯坦的相继独立,到60年代,英帝国殖民体系瓦解。1973年1月加入欧共体。